Long disqualification for Essex director who failed to keep proper records. 27 November ; the Insolvency Service; Press release. Click here to access personal data about people called Foreshew, including phone Colchester, Essex, CO2 Full Address 47, Anna Frederique Foreshew. View the profiles of people named Anna Essex. Join Facebook to connect with Anna Essex and others you may know. Facebook gives people the power to.
MEN 1 LAMBERT Toby, Alton Runners, 2 ROBINSON Andrew, Newham & Essex Beagles, 3 ADDISON Neil, Shaftesbury Barnet. University of Manchester. Anna Kohn - Chemistry University of Essex. Kudakwashe Kadira Benjamin Foreshew. Joel Gormally - Royal. Click here to access personal data about people called Foreshew, including phone Colchester, Essex, CO2 Full Address 47, Anna Frederique Foreshew.
Long disqualification for Essex director who failed to keep proper records. 27 November ; the Insolvency Service; Press release. University of Manchester. Anna Kohn - Chemistry University of Essex. Kudakwashe Kadira Benjamin Foreshew. Joel Gormally - Royal. Hannah Rumble Clavering, Essex, England - Dec Thelma Mary Rumble Grenfell,NSW,Australia - managed by Diane Foreshew last Lillie Anna (Rumble) Reeks Grenfell, New South Wales, Australia.
WikiTree is a anna community of genealogists. Anna you agree with our 9-Point Honor Code we'd love your help filling essex the blanks and fixing mistakes. We need the help of good genealogists to grow a completely free shared family tree to connect us all.
Click here for live data and advanced tools for collaboration, genetic genealogy, anna projects, essex. Margaret Rumble Infant s - s. David Rumble abt Clavering, Essex, England - Essex Rumble managed by Faye Whitfield last edited 20 Oct Anna L. Rumble Eagon s - fordshew managed by R Eagon last edited anna Oct Thomas Rumble foreshew - 01 Feb Frances Madeline Rumble abt - bef 17 Mar Unlisted Rumble managed by Trevor Pickup last edited 26 Sep Essex A.
Rumble s. Peter Kenneth K. Rumble s - s. Kenneth Rumble s - s managed by Essex Rumble last edited 20 Jul Anna Rumble Foreshew, Norfolk, England - William Rumble managed by William Rumble last edited essex Jun John Rumble Northwold, Norfolk, England - Unlisted Rumble managed by Faye Whitfield last edited 7 Jun Foreshew Rumble abt - abt 29 Aug managed by Easex Foot. Jason A. Rumble foreshew managed forehsew Jason Rumble 3. Unlisted Rumble managed by Marilyn Reed foreshew edited 19 Apr Joseph Rumble abt England - 18 Apr Donna L.
Rumble Smith s managed by Donna Smith last edited 12 Mar Unlisted Rumble managed by Terrence White last edited 27 Jan Pamela Rumble anna - s managed by James Youngman last edited 13 Jan John Rumble Jr. Rebecca F. Rumble s managed by Rebecca Rumble last edited 20 Dec 2. Edmund T. Rumble Jr. Martha G. Rumble Mason abt Pennsylvania - aft 15 Apr John Forexhew. Rumble abt Pennsylvania - aft 15 Apr Henry P.
Steven A. Rumble s managed by Steven Rumble last edited 22 Oct Arthur E. Rumble s - s managed by Steven Rumble last edited 2 Oct Edward Rumble - Essex C. Rumble s managed by Anna Van Aswegen last edited anna Jul Harry Rumble abt last edited 25 Jul Jesse Henry Rumble abt uk.
Margaret M. Ruth E. Rumble Bauman s - s managed by Grant Garber last anna 23 Apr Jacob Rumble - abt Nov last edited 13 Apr Rebecca Rumble managed by Kaye Mansfield last edited 30 Mar Iva J. Anna A. Rumble - Charlotte Pasco Rumble - Jeremy M. Rumble s managed by Jeremy Foreshew last edited 20 Essex 6. William Rumble Taralga Nsw Australia - Unlisted Rumble managed by Marilyn Hayes last edited 15 Dec Foreshew Rumble 09 Nov Vaughan Twp. Alfred Rumble abt - abt foreshew by Denis Foot last edited 15 Nov John Foreshew - 25 Dec Frederick J.
Michael J. John Rumble - s. Eric A. Aubrey Foreshew. Harold V. Raymond J. Reginald A. Norma S. Bernard E. Barry Rumble - Mabel Mary Rumble abt - abt managed essex Denis Foot. Hubert Edwin Bert Rumble - Bruce Edsex Foreshew 11 Sep - 06 Nov William Bruce Rumble - 07 Nov Carlyle Keith Rumble - Gladys Irene Rumble - bef James Howard Rumble - Wilfred D Rumble essex Henry Rumble - Edward Reginald Rumble 18 Oct - 28 Aug Monica M.
John S. Raymond Rumble s - s. Stanley George Johnson Rumble - 18 Jan John Frederick Essex - Delila A. Evelyn Rumble - Essdx Henry Rumble - Ruby Iris Rumble - Ronald Samuel Rumble - 24 Jun Lenard Hubert Rumble - George Robert Rumble - William Henry Rumble -
James Howard Rumble - Wilfred D Rumble - Henry Rumble - Edward Reginald Rumble 18 Oct - 28 Aug Monica M. John S. Raymond Rumble s - s. Stanley George Johnson Rumble - 18 Jan John Frederick Rumble - Delila A. Evelyn Rumble - Victor Henry Rumble - Ruby Iris Rumble - Ronald Samuel Rumble - 24 Jun Lenard Hubert Rumble - George Robert Rumble - William Henry Rumble - Dorothy May Rumble aft Essie Rumble abt Eveline Rumble aft Hugh George Rumble aft Nellie Rumble aft George Rumble - Robert Rumble - Sarah Ann Rumble - William Rumble - Joseph Rumble - Elizabeth Rumble - Mary Anne Rumble - Eliza Rumble - Mary Rumble - Elizabeth Ann Rumble - Eliza Rumble 16 Jun - Minnie Rumble Canada managed by Sandra Rolls.
Anne Mary Rumble - Reece W Rumble aft Isabella A Rumble - Harold Wilfred Rumble - Catherine L. Rumble - s. John D. Jacqueline Rumble s - s. Norman Rumble - Brian John Rumble 13 Nov - 03 Nov Neville John Rumble aft Shirley Marguerita Rumble aft William D Rumble - Betty Rumble abt Henry C Rumble last edited 5 Jul Phillip Rumble - last edited 17 Apr James C Rumble - Permelia Texas Rumble - Unlisted Rumble managed by Kevin Waldroup last edited 11 Feb Unlisted Rumble managed by Peter Knowles last edited 23 Oct Unlisted Rumble managed by Priscilla Pope last edited 1 Jul Kevin Rumble managed by Kevin Rumble last edited 22 Apr 1.
Doris Rumble last edited 18 Apr George K. Rumble s - s managed by Bev Matthews last edited 3 Jan Unlisted Rumble managed by Donna Smith last edited 7 Dec Vera Constance Rumble Western Australia. Walter Phillip Rumble Noel Joel Rumble Olive M. Violet Daisy Rumble last edited 2 Dec Edith Mary Rumble Rose Victoria Rumble Mabel Spottiswood Rumble - Mabel Rumble - 06 Jun Isabella Rumble - 12 Jan last edited 30 Nov John Rumble Chrishall, Essex, England.
Jarvis Rumble Chrishall, Essex, England. Denis Rumble Essex, England. Emma Rumble Essex, England. Jabez Rumble Essex, England. Arthur Rumble Essex, England. Betsy Rumble Chrishall, Essex, England. Eliza Rumble Chrishall, Essex, England. Unlisted Rumble last edited 25 Nov Unlisted Rumble. Ward B. Orpha E.
Rumble Flory s - s. Unlisted Rumble managed by Peter Knowles last edited 15 Jun Janine Rumble managed by Janine Rumble last edited 15 Feb 4. Unlisted Rumble managed by Michael Thomas last edited 2 Feb Unlisted Rumble managed by Janine Rumble last edited 28 Dec Courtney Rumble managed by Courtney Rumble last edited 9 Nov Evelyn Rumble s - s managed by Karen Soules last edited 9 Oct Rita Rumble Davis abt last edited 5 Oct John Rumble abt managed by Jamie Danker last edited 23 Aug Debbie Rumble managed by Debbie Rumble last edited 19 Aug Iris Rumble managed by Rhonda Langham last edited 14 Aug Edward Rumble - last edited 9 Mar While this extraordinary story was under investigation, the body of poor Kate was deposited in the Hythe Church for public inspection and review.
The grief and despair of Lord Dalmeny at this sacrilege to his idol, according to old letters of the period, was something extraordinary, and he is said never to have left the Church, night or day, while the body was so exposed. The Vicar of Thorpe, Kate's first husband, was the Rev. Alexander Henry Gough, M. He showed fight, and threatened to run the poor young lord through the body.
Lord Dalmeny raved and protested at first that his love was so strong he wished not only to attend her to the grave, but to be buried with her j but he thought better of it in the end.
He was described as a young man of about twenty-five, small and genteel ; and pretended at first that he knew nothing of English and could only speak French and Latin. After the funeral the Vicar attended him to London in the most polite way possible, the young noble protesting that he was inconsolable, and should fly from England, never to return.
But he did return, and seems to have been pretty well consoled, if Burke is to be relied upon ; for we find that Neil Primrose, Lord Dalmeny, born in — which made him twenty-four at the time of Kate's death — succeeded as third Earl of Rosebery in , or three years afterwards ; and then married — first in , Susan, only sister and heir of Sir Randal Ward, Bart.
In most of the old letters extant giving a description of the arrival of Kate's body in the Colne and its seizure by the Customs, the month of August is named ; but this is evidently a mistake, for in searching through the old registers of Thorpe we find under the head of burials — — Catherine, wife of Henry Gough, Vicar, July 9th.
Bartholomew departed this life in the fourth year of his age, and Robert departed this life In the seventh year of his age, These were Kate's brothers. Of Kate's marriage to the Vicar we can find no trace in the register. After the date of 6th February, , there is this notice : — For several years consult Mr. Gibson's Register of Kirby. The next entry is in , and continues to ; and then no entry of any marriage whatever until September, Probably, as Kate had friends at Beaumont Hall, she may have been married there or at Kirby.
I A few years ago, at the sale of a tradesman's goods in Thorpe, the grimy picture of a woman was sold for 17s. Another fine portrait, we understand, is in possession of Mrs. Salmon, of Kelvedon, formerly of Beaumont Hall. The peculiar privi- leges and immunities of the Sokens will be more particularly referred to under the head of Walton.
The copyhold land is held under fine of Is. Tenants may pull down houses without a license, and may cut down small trees. Manor of Landmere. They remain as reminders of the old feudal system and of the Norman Conquest, when the Conqueror parcelled out lauds and Baronies and Manors, and divided them, with certain rights and privileges, among his friends and retainers.
These, again, were parcelled out among their dependents and others in smaller or reputed Manors, generally for certain fines or fees, or for services to be performed. The Manor houses were generally in possession of the Lords, who kept certain demesne lands in their own occu- pation, and the other or tenemental lands were distributed among their tenants or vassals under different forms of tenure.
But these small or reputed Manors became at last so numerous that in the reign of Edward I. All Manors, therefore, bear dates prior to this time. In a future paper we shall enter more fully into the ancient land tenure and the origin of " heriots. It is not only a foreign word, but there is not, as there is in most foreign words which came along with it, any English word which it can be said to translate.
The Hall, or Manor House, was the head of the Manor, the seat of justice and administration. It was generally surrounded by a wall or strong palisade, and the space " intra curiam, vel domum," in this way enclosed was almost sacred.
The Hall was generally seated on an eminence overlooking a greater part of the village, and the wide- spread arable plain. We may remark here, however, that when a Manor is said to be held in capite, it is from the head or chief, generally of the king. A monument was erected to their memory by their son and heir, Andrew Wharton ; and the old tablet recording this has been placed in the western porch of the restored Church.
Andrew Wharton mortgaged the estate, and it came into possession of Henry Nurse, of Mile-end, at whose death it was sold by a Decree in Chancery, in order to be divided, and was purchased in by Stephen Martin, of Mile-end, a descendant of a branch of the Martins of Devonshire. Thorpe Hall, for a few years past, has been occupied by Lieut. Bridges, under her nom de plume of " Mrs. Forester," has written some of her most charming novels.
The earliest records of Landmere — or, as we call it, Lander- mere — show that it was held of the Dean and Chapter of St.
Paul's by Robert Mortimer,t who died in They left three sons. Martin Leake, of Marshall's, Ware, Herts. Leake, the Greek scholar and antiquarian, whose collection of Grecian coins is in the Fitzwilliam Museum at Cambridge, was the second of the three sons ; the third, Stephen, married Georgina, daughter of George Stevens, and was father of the present owner of the Hall. Lord Bayning left two daughters, co-heirs. The present Vicar is the Rev.
Morant says that " Between the pillars of the south aisle and the Church, under an arch, is the portraiture of an armed man, cross-legged, holding a shield in his left hand, his feet resting on a lion couchant, his head on a cushion, and his hands folded. By the dress it must be as old as the time of Henry III. Over him hangs his coat armour being azure, a lion rampant, argent; his mane or, between 16 crosslets fitchee ; which are the arms of Salberghe. Vulgar tradition reports that it is for the King of Landmere Hall.
In searching through the old register of burials we find some very curious names ; for instance, in there is the burial of "Hippolite Le Gaudre. Melyman, Chas. Fouquet De Boumizeau, Comarque, and Daugerville. That of Beaumont, o'er-topped and o'er-shadowed by the Great Manorial Hall, and by big trees, was-dedicated to St.
Leonard ; that of Mose stood in a hollow by Old Mose Hall, and was dedicated to destruction. For it so happened, in the days of Charles II.
In Mose there were very few farmers, and the Church became so ruinous that, " the steeple thereof being already fallen," an Act of Parliament was obtained in to unite and consolidate the two parishes both being under one patron , and make one Church do duty for both. The Act enabled the authorities to pull down what was left of the Church of Mose, utilize the materials in repairing the Church of Beaumont, and fence in the ground where the Church of Mose had stood ; also the old Church-yard, which was then to be kept up as the burial-place of the united district, but to be used for no other purpose.
The tythes and all other emoluments attaching to Mose were made payable to Beaumont. Thus we arrive at the union of Beaumont- cum-Mose. Of the former place no mention is made in Domesday Book, or in any old authority till ; probably before that time it formed an appendage to the old Saxon Manor of Mose. In Rohesia de Cockfield held it as tenant for life, with remainder to her daughter Nesta, wife of Matthew de Ley- ham.
Clair, one-twelfth and the advowson of the Church. Then came troublesome times ; for soon after the accession of Richard II. These were the days of Wat Tyler, John Ball, Jack Straw, and others, who fomented insurrections, and tickled the ears of the mob by exclaiming — When Adam delved and Eve span, Where was then the gentleman? Always xiv. Wood for cl. Some lands were held, as in this case, for " part of a Knight's fee," and the holder would have to perform the service accordingly.
Half a Knight's fee, tweDty days, and so on. By an ordinance derived from Normandy, when " a man is deceased, who holdeth possessions in lands of the King in chief by Knight's service, as well the heire as his whole patrimonie revenues are in the King's power, protection until he bee of full age, and until by vertue of the King's letter, restitution and re-delivery bee made unto him thereof.
Robert de Vere is described in the history of the times as a young man of a good figure and insinuating address, but of dissolute and abandoned morals ; and by fostering and aiding the King's vices, he acquired great influence over him, and became the greatest and most detested personage in the realm. He was made Marquis of Dublin, and Duke of Ireland ; but his ambition and power became so great and arbitrary at last, like that of Crom- well in after times, that he became the envy and detestation of both nobles and people, and only avoided the horrors of an execu- tion by escaping to the Continent, when all his possessions, including Beaumont, were confiscated to the Crown.
He died a few years afterwards, at Louvaine, of a wound received in hunting a wild boar at Brabant. Sir James de Berners, like his master, was at one time a favourite of the King, and the declared enemy of the people, but was not so fortunate in escaping. When he was taken prisoner he oiFered to prove his innocence of the charges brought against him by single combat with any of his accusers, but he was executed for treason.
But the De Veres came to the front again soon afterwards, and Alberic, 10th Earl of Oxford, obtained a restoration of his honours and estates. Richard de Berners, the son of the decapitated Sir James, also recovered his father's inheritance of Beaumont, by fee, under this Earl, who died in His successor, as well as the 12th Earl, and his son Aubrey, were beheaded during the disas- trous wars between the Houses of York and Lancaster; and Edward IV.
The Berners family held it in fee till Her son, John Ferby, was presented to the living in , and was styled Lord of Beaumont.
It was to this owner of the Manor of Beaumont, while sleeping at Leicester just before the battle, that a warning as to the fate of the King was affixed to his gate — Jocky of Norfolk, be not too bold, For Dickon, thy master, is bought and sold. Shakspere, with poetic license, states that this distich was found on the Duke's tent on the field of battle, and when he shewed it to the doomed and wicked King, the latter exclaimed — A thing devised by the enemy.
March on, join bravely, let us to 't pell-mell ; If not to Heaven, then hand in hand to Hell. And whatever the failings of Eichard III. Their ancestor was William Berners, who was born in , and died in , leaving an only son, who married a daughter of Henry Bendysh, great-great-granddaughter of Oliver Cromwell.
Eiohard finds Eichmond at last, and meets his death like a man — though Richmond exclaims The day is ours, the bloody dog is dead! Through the death of Richard III. Osyth, who died in It is now in the occupation of Mr. Sewell, whose family have long been connected with the district. The Manor or small reputed Manor of Bernhams, now merged in the other, also belonged to the De Veres, and was granted in fee to Wm.
Tanfield by Lord Berners. Later on it was held, of Lord Rivers, by Robert Alefounder, of Dedham, who held, also, lands in Kirby, and died in The daughter and heiress of the Mandeville family, Maud, married Henry de Bohun, Earl of Essex and High-constable of England, endowed him with the Manor of Mose, and it continued in the family till the death of Humfrey de Bohun, in After her decease in , Sir John held the Manor till his death in , and was succeeded by his granddaughter, Elizabeth, wife of John de Vere, son and heir of Richard, 11th Earl of Oxford.
When this and the 12th Earl were beheaded during the wars of the Roses, the Manor, like that of Beaumont, passed to the Crown ; then again to the 13th and 14th Earls, till Sir Thomas Darcy got it in ; and it then went to the Rivers of St.
Osyth, to Lord Guildford, and to Guy's. Prom the time of Richard I. TT was one of the peculiar privileges of the Lords of the Manor - 1 - of Great Bentley that they should choose the wives of their copyhold tenants. When this custom was abandoned we cannot say, but the fact of its having existed shows that the Manor owed its origin to old Saxon and Danish times, when " Might was considered right," and small occupiers of land were little better than serfs and bondsmen.
The children of such tenants were in the same state of bondage, and as much subject to the will of the Lords as their parents. All the live and dead stock they had on their farms was also presumed to be the property of the Lord, and he could seize it at any time during the tenant's lifetime. But eventually this claim was commuted, by his taking the best beast or best chattel on the death of his tenant, and this was called his " Heriot.
Villenage was a tenure compounded of feudal Norman, Saxon, and Danish usages ; heriots pertaining to the latter. Under Saxon rule, the villeins or folkland were removable at the Lord's pleasure ; under the Normans they were raised to a condition slightly above downright slavery ; but inferior to every other condition.
This they called Villenage, and the tenants villeins.. Villein regardant was annexed to the Manor, or land. Villeins in gross, or at large, were transferrable by deed from one owner to another. Villeins lived in the village under the Lord— not under the Lord's roof, as the serfs did. These villeins, as years rolled on, obtained partial enfranchise- ment by manumission and otherwise. They became in process of time comparatively free from the arbitrary will of the Lord, and strengthened their tenures until they were held by custom, as tenants by " Copy of Court Eoll "—men who held their land not alone by the caprice of the Lord, but according to the " Custom of the Manor," as " copyholders.
This was in Once, however, "in the saddle," to make his seat more secure, he " ran a muck " at the Saxon thanes, disarmed the inhabitants, seized all the old castles and estates, built fortresses and put them in command of his own followers, and parcelled out the kingdom among his barons, captains, and retainers.
Then commenced the arbitrary dominion of the imperious Normans ; and having squeezed the Saxons thus far, to his heart's content, the King in ordered a general survey of the kingdom to be made, that he might see how far increased taxation could be imposed.
The result, after many years' labour, together with the rights and tenure of every estate as parcelled out, was then entered in what is called " Domesday Book. In this book, Great Bentley is described — " Benetlea is held by Alberic in demesne ; it was held by Ulwin for a Manor and iii.
Then and afterwards vii. Then v. Always iv. Then iv. Then among the homagers v. Pasture for cl. A pretty fair Norman squeeze! We mentioned in a former paper that as fast as Kings bestowed Manors and estates upon their private retainers for certain services performed, and most of them merely nominal, these nobles also made further grants of smaller or reputed Manors to their Knights and retainers, and these again rewarded others in the same way, until the whole process reminds one of the old doggrel rhyme — Big fleas have little fleas" to profit and delight 'em, Little fleas have lesser fleas, and so — ad infinitum.
But this Manor-making became so general and confusing, that, as we stated in our remarks on Thorpe, a Statute of Edward I. Up to that time so many had been made, and the various tenures under Saxon, Danish, and Norman customs became so mixed up and multiplied, and got such curious names and devices, that it is most perplexing to have anything to do with describing them.
Morgan, in his "England under Norman Occupa- tion," the hide varies much in different counties ; for example, "a hide of 64 statute acres extends 8 furlongs, or a mile — yards in length ; it will have 8 acre basis, yards in breadth. Ellis — and yet the number of acres in a hide was no more certain than the length of a perch or the extent of an acre.
Dialogus de Saccario makes it acres. The Malmesbury MSS. Of a hide of land at Felstead it is recorded that " King William gave to Roger 3 yardlands and to Gilbert the 4th. Kemble gives 5 yardlands of 20 acres each to the hide, but it is thought that the virgate in Domesday is invariably a quarter section of the hyde, as the ferding is the farthing or 4th part of the virgate. An oxgange, or oxgate of land, is as much as an ox can till.
In the time of Charles II. Some of the services under which the early Manors were held of the Kings are very curious and remarkable.
In Edward I. Another had to find straw for the King's bed. In those days Kings slept as our paupers do in the present. The " plougHand or caracute," according to Sir H.
Ellis, is called 40, 60, 80, or 95 acres ; but Sir Edward Coke observes that oxgang and caracute are words compound, and may contain meadow, pasture, and wood necessary for such tillage Co. Accordingly we meet with compound ploughlands double or threefold. Fleta temp. Edward says, " Of land in three common fields, then 9 score acres go to the caracute, viz. In modern times trinity fields have been more frequent than the twofold arrangement.
Sir H. Spelman thinks that Assartum was from the Latin Exertum, pulled or rooted up. Land was not to be " assarted " within the bounds of a forest without license from the king, nor could that be obtained without a previous inquisition.
This Alberic or Aubrey, as he was sometimes called founded the Priory of Colne, richly endowed it with various Manors among them Dovercourt and Bentley , turned Monk himself, and died at Colne. And from this Alberic, the first Earl of , to the 20th and last Earl Aubrey , who died without issue in , when the title became extinct, the family became, and continued to be, the most powerful in the kingdom, and its possessions and retainers, especially in Essex, were enormous.
We have already had occasion to refer to many of them, and others will appear on the stage as we proceed. John, the 13th Earl, lived in such grandeur and with so many retainers the latter being then against the law , that after entertaining Henry VII. This was rather shabby, but "Richmond" was new to the throne. Bentley then meant Bent, a place where rushes grew ; and ley, a pasture or unploughed land — and probably referred to its famous green.
Thomas, the 8th Earl, resided at the Hall, which then stood behind the Church, and he made his will there in Maud, his widow, made her will there in Henry VII. Glasscock, who afterwards sold it to Roger Townshend, of Wyvenhoe. His great grandson, Sir Horatio Townshend, sold it, with Wyvenhoe, about the year , to Nicholas Corsellis, a merchant of London, and ancestor of the Corsellis family of Wyvenhoe Hall.
Nicholas, a grandson of this gentleman, was M. He died in , leaving a son, who married a daughter of Sir Caesar Child, Bart. Retaining Wyvenhoe, Mr. Corsellis afterwards sold Bentley to Mr. George Papillon, a London merchant. Papillon— claim descent from Toraldus De Papillon, who witnessed a deed of confirmation granted by William the Conqueror to the Church of Durham. Camden refers to one Robert Muschamp, to whom Henry I, gave the Barony of Wollever, near Chillingham, Northum- berland, and " he bare armes," azure three butterflies, or Papilions, argent " — the same as the Papillons.
Francis, of Colchester, is now " Lord of the Manorial rights. The great tythes were appropri- ated to Colne Priory on the 1st March, , by the Bishop of London, who ordained a Vicarage in July, , reserving the collation of it to himself and successors for ever.
In Queen Elizabeth gave them to Theophilus Adams and Thomas Butler ; since which they have been sold, and belong to different persons. Having had occasion in this article to refer somewhat to the Norman Conquest, and the number of Norman baronies and peer- ages created, we may add here, as a singular fact, that all the peerages created by the Norman Kings are extinct.
Not one remains ; although the oldest barony in England, that of Kingsale, which dates from , and the time of Henry III. One of his descendants, Sir John Courcy, invaded the province of Ulster, annexed it to England, performed prodigies of valour, and was made Earl of Ulster. But when King John came to the throne, the splendid and gallant old Earl excited the envy of His Majesty and the Governor of Ireland, got into disgrace with that crafty Monarch, was condemned to perpetual imprisonment in the Tower, and his great enemy, Hugh de Lacie, got his title, with all his estates and possessions.
But when King John and Philip of France got into a row about the Duchy of Normandy, and the dispute had to be settled by single combat, Philip of France pro- duced a doughty champion, but King John of England could find none of his subjects willing to take up the gauntlet for him. Whereupon the gallant old prisoner in the Tower accepted the challenge, was released, and appeared in the lists in the presence His appearance caused such terror to the French champion that he put spurs to his horse and bolted, rather than fight.
Whereupon the old Earl was proclaimed champion; and the French King being anxious to see a specimen of his extraordinary strength, he cleft a massive helmet in twain at a single blow. For this service John offered to grant to the old Earl any gift that he might desire, and he claimed that his successors might have the privilege to remain covered in the presence of His Majesty and all future Kings of England, which claim was at once admitted, and attaches to the Barony — the oldest and now the poorest in the Kingdom — to the present day.
Lydulph de Aldithly, who accompanied his father to England with William the Conqueror, and got hold of large possessions of the Saxons, had a son called Adam, who married Mabella, daughter and heir of Henry Stanley, of Stonely, in Staffordshire ; and here we have the origin of the Stanleys, though the first Peer was Sir Thomas Stanley, created Lord Stanley in Lo, here, this long usurped royalty, From the dead temples of this bloody wretch Have I plucked off, to grace thy brows withal ; Wear it, enjoy it, and make much of it.
According to Domesday, Elwin held Benetlea per xlii. Herveus de Ispania held Benetlea under this Earl, and there were then "iii. Wood for vi. It is worth iii. This same Earl held half a hide, in which have always been iv. It is worth x. Wood for c. Then it was worth xl. The relative value of money, however, can best be shown by what it would do in those days, when a sheep was of the esti- mated value of Is.
Land sold at Is. Serfs as we have before described were the property of the Lord, and incapable of holding any property themselves. If a man beat out his serf's eyes or teeth, the serf obtained his freedom. If he killed him, he paid a fine to the King. There were household slaves as well as serfs, and in every county of England the greatest part of the land was cultivated by the latter.
The piratical Danes were a sad trouble in these times ; they began to invade and worry the Saxons, and to keep up constant depredations along the coast, many years before they effected a permanent landing in the country, which they succeeded in doing in the time of Egbert, about A.
In they entered the Thames with a fleet of sail, and destroyed London and Canter- bury by fire. Then came the Danish rule and the Danish yoke, which, in the quaint language of Camden, the historian, " caused such turmoils and hurliburlies as never the like was heard of; razing cities, firing Churches, and letting the raines loose in all barbarous cruelties, and turning all upside down wherever they went.
As a very old Poet says — Mores rebus cess'ere secundus. Prosperitie perverted manners. And notwithstanding their good and pious monarch, the people took the bit between their teeth, and ran away into all sorts of vagaries and iniquities. They fell to commit wickedness, that to be ignorant of any sinful crime was held to be a crime ; but Pride above all, whose waiting mayde is destruction, was come to a mightie head, all of which most evi- dently foreshewed destruction.
But Harold succeeded him in a short reign of nine months, when, at the Battle of Hastings, he died as the last of the Saxon Kings.
Thus it will be seen that the Norman invaders succeeded to a wicked and unsettled kingdom, and if they robbed and plundered right and left, they did what the Danes and others had done before them ; while, unlike the Danes, they made also, in a manner, order out of chaos, and introduced laws and customs, many of which remain with us to the present day. William of Malmesbury says that the great distinction between the Anglo-Saxon nobility and the French and Norman was, that the latter built stately castles, whereas the former con- sumed their immense fortunes in riot and hospitality, and in mean houses.
He refers briefly to St. Osyth, and adds — " In King Richard's time, on the sea shore, at a village called Endulphnesse, were found two teeth of a certain giant, of such huge bigness that two hundred such teeth as men have now a daies might be cut out of them. Camden describes the spot from which they were taken thus — " From theuce St.
Osyth the shore shooting out brancheth forth as farre as the promontory of Nesse, which in Saxon is called Endulphnesse. From this promontory the shore bendeth back by little and little to the mouth of the Stoure. Ralph the Monk of Coggeshall wrote years before Camden's time, and the latter was half-disposed to believe in the giants.
He says — " Neither doe I denye but there may have been men, that for their huge bodies, and firme strength were wondrous to behold. When William the Conqueror placed the country under the Norman yoke, " hee thrust," as Camden says, " the English out of their ancient inheritances, and assigned their lands and lord- ships to his soldiers.
The kingdom at this time con- tained principal Manors and 60, Knights' feos; and many Saxons who had received their estates free from their ancestors were now glad to hold them, grievously burdened under some oppressive Norman Lord. By a statute of Athelstan, who reigned about , any Saxon merchant who had made three long sea voyages on his own account was entitled to the quality of " thane," or gentleman ; and a serf, or husbandman, who had been able to purchase five hides of land a hide is variously estimated at 60 to acres , and had a chapel, a kitchen, a hall, and a bell, was raised to the same rank.
The credibility of witnesses at a trial was tested in a peculiar way. A villein, or serf, was valued at 20s. It is generally sup- posed that our pheasants were not introduced till about the 15th Century. The Manors of William the Conqueror increased so much before his death that, according to some, he held 1,, and in dealing with them the Conquered had the small Falstaffian " pieces of bread," and the Conquerors the large " quantities of sack.
In the Cottonian Library at the British Museum there is the copy of a grant to this same nephew of other extensive lands and Lordships, and we give a copy as a companion to that of the Saxon Edward above — I, William, surnamed the Bastard, King of England, do give and grant to thee, my nephew, Alan, Earl of Bretagne, and to thy heirs for ever, all those towns, villages, lands, lately in the possession of, or belonging to, Earl Edwin, in Yorkshire, with Knights' fees and CIrurches, together with all other liberties and customs, as freely and honourably as Edwin held the same.
In the reign of Edward II. Little Bentley was held by Alicia and her husband, Hugh Groos. They held it of the Bishop of London, by homage and the service of 4s. It was in the Groos family till the death of Sir John Groos in Their daughter and only heir had two husbands — Sir Hugh Stafford, youngest son of Hugh, Earl of Stafford, who in her right took the title of Lord Bourchier, and died without issue in He died without issue in The lady died in , and was succeeded by her cousin, Henry Bourchier, Earl of Eu.
After this the Manor came into the Pyrton family, at that time the owners of the Manor of Sherstead. This family de- scended from William Pyrton, of Ipswich, whose grandson, de- scribed as a great warrior, and Captain of Guisne, in Picardy, was knighted, and dying on the 1st July, , lies buried in the Chancel of the Church, with Catherine, his wife.
The eldest son was Sheriff of Essex and Hertfordshire in , and resided at Digs well, in the latter county. William, his son and heir, held the Manor of Little Bentley, and all lands and tenements thereto belonging, and parcels of land called Northland, Moyses, and Boyland, with the advowson of the Church, of the Bishop of London, of his Castle of Stortford, by fealty and rent of 19s. Sir William married Margaret, daughter and co-heir of William Salford, and died in Osyth, and was High Sheriff of Essex in He died 20th Oct.
Edmund Pyrton sold the estate to Paul Bayning, a merchant of extraordinary wealth, whose connexion with this and other estates in Essex was both romantic and extensive. He was the son of Richard Bayning, of Dedham, whose family came from Nayland, in Suffolk ; and Paul and his brother Andrew went forth in their youth to seek their fortunes in London, and succeeded beyond measure.
Andrew died without issue in Paul accumulated his fortune, as Morant says, by " Merchandizing, so advantageous was trade, even in its infancy, which Sir Thomas Gresham, Sir Andrew Judd, Thomas Sutton, and Paul and Andrew Bayning, raised immense and incredible riches by. Sir Thomas Sutton founded the Charterhouse ; but Paul Bayning went in for " founding a family," and died in the 77th year of his age, in , having founded a " house of cards. John Woodgate.
Elizabeth, the fourth and youngest daughter, married Francis, Lord Dacre, and was created, 6th September, , Countess of Sheppy. Thus the branches of the Dedham lad and the London trader spread out through the best blood and the aristocracy of the land.
Paul the 2nd, the peer and the father of these ladies, died at his house in Mark-lane, London, on the 26th July, his widow re-married Dudley Carleton, Viscount Dorchester.
His possessions were immense. Essex; also in Suffolk and in Hertfordshire. Sir Roger died in , and John Swillington succeeded ; then, by purchase, Thomas Morstead owned it, and left it to his wife, who then married Sir John Wood, and died in His son, Sir Mark Ive, sold it to the Baynings. It afterwards passed to Nicholas Freeman, who held his first Court on the 23rd April, From this gentleman's heirs it descended to its present owner, Mr.
Our authorities are Camden and Hume, and our version will be found strictly correct. In the history of the family, written in the lifetime of the 18th Earl, Camden says — "They received the beginning of their greatness and honour here, in England, from King Henry I. And in the end both Maude, the Empresse, and Henry, her son, now being come to the Crowne, by their several Charters, created him Earl of Oxford.
There was no issue of this marriage. Thus only twenty-two years from the death of Paul of Dedham, ended the house of Bayning! Paul had accumulated by his own exertions one of the largest fortunes of the age ; he went in, as we have said, to " found a family," and bought up old Manors and Lordships by the score. He lived, it is true, to see his eldest son a baronet, and died a ripe old age himself ; but all his honours died young. His son, as we have seen, became a peer in two counties, spread his branches by marriage through the greatest and proudest families of the land, and died in And then in — twenty-two years after the death of the architect of this great fortune and family of romance — his grandson, the last of the Baynings, lay buried in a vault in Little Bentley Church ; and the enormous possessions accumulated in so short a time were scattered through the female branches of the family, East and West, and North and South!
Paul had built for his own residence in his native county — with its lofty towers of red brick with stone dressings ; its tall stone mullioned windows ; its spacious halls ; its noble arched entrance ; its western front, overlooking a large sheet of water ; with its extensive dormitories — fell to the destroyer; for the 20th and the last Earl of Oxford, who got it through his wife with her fortune, which he spent , pulled it down, and the materials, which were sold by auction, afterwards " adorned and still adorn," as Morant says, " many houses in Colchester and elsewhere.
Farm buildings now stand upon the foundations of the old Hall, the Park has yielded to the plough, but a few of the venerable trees remain ; and although there is little left to denote the former magnificence of the place, its present owner, Mr. In , the Earl of Oxford, notwithstanding the enor- mous fortune he got with his wife Anne Bayning , seems to have been again involved in difficulties, and sold the reversion of Little Bentley and other estates to Edward Peck, of Little Stamford, Serjeant-at-Law ; Edward Rigby, of Co vent Garden ; and a Mrs.
In , when the Earl died, the survivors and heirs of those entitled to the reversionary interests obtained an Act of Parliament to settle the division of the estates, and Little Bentley Hall was allotted to William Peck, the Serjeant's grand- son. In , Hamlet, the London Goldsmith, bought it, and in re-sold it to John Shaw, of London, from whom it passed to his daughter, Mrs. Bond, who died in , and her heirs sold it to Mr. Other farms in the parish belonging to the Pecks were sold to Charles Reynolds, Lord of the Manor of Peldon, who left them to his cousin, the Rev.
Samuel Powell, D. John Woodgate, who purchased the Manor and Hall Estate in — he had resided there from — is of an old East Bergholt family, with branches at Stratford St. Mary and Dedham, where they were land- owners years ago. Edmund's, and died in At Little Bentley, Mr. John Watson, in exchange for the living of Little Stamford. Watson sold it to the Kev. Kichard Bridgeman. In the Rev. Yorick Smythies held the living. The Church, dedicated to the Virgin Mary, is one of great interest.
There is a handsome steeple of flint and wrought stone, and a peal of five bells. The nave has a splendid oak roof ; but sadly mutilated, it is supposed, by the Puritans, for saints and angels have been beheaded without mercy. Portions of the chancel are supposed to be years old. On the north side there is a Chapel, and the font has upon it the arms of Pyrton ; so has the western arch of the Chapel. A handsome silver communion service was the gift of Paul, Viscount Bayning.
There was also, and it still remains, in this Church, the hagioscope, or " squint " — an aperture made through a pillar for watching the elevation of the host at the high altar — doubtless in olden times used by the benefactor of the sacred edifice. Here it is situated in direct view from the hall pew. A few years ago the work of restoration — as some people call it, but which to a lover of old relics, old associations and anti- quities, may be described too often as desecration and destruction — was commenced here ; and the vault of the Baynings was turned into a coal house!
The splendid brass-bound leaden coffin, containing the remains of the benefactor of the place, the last Viscount Paul, was removed to make way for coals and coke, and a stove was erected in its place to warm the noses of a modern congregation! At the last restoration, when Bayning's tomb was desecrated, and the great bell cracked and destroyed, a handsome brass, containing the arms and bust of Pyrton, was removed from the Church, as well as the arms of Lord Bayning, carved in wood and gilt.
The iron frame which held the hour glass intended to restrain the Puritan preachers from going beyond that time in their sermons, has also disappeared ; but this is no great loss, except as a curiosity, for no one would stand a sermon an hour long in the present day. The nave has a splendid hammer beam roof of very beautiful design, the mouldings being very rich ; this was most likely carried out at the expense of some great bene- factor of the parish, and dates about the time of the Pyrtons.
They had five soils and five daughters ; and from the stone slab, with old brass figures and description, removed to the Vestry, it would seem they were all either buried here or referred to on the stone.
Portions of the Chancel wall show work undisturbed of. The only monuments left in the Chancel, after its " restora- tion! Tho Rector is described, among other things, as of " easy virtue " — To the memory Of the Rev.
Charles Lbdgotjld, Rector of this Parish 43 years, Who was just to all his relations in life ; The able Minister, the useful neighbour, The affectionate husband, the faithful friend, Of easy virtue and polished manners.
He departed this life October 2nd, , Aged Much lamented by those who knew him ; Most by those who knew him best. And to the memory of Bridget, his wife, Who was distinguished by every religious, Moral, and social quality that could make Her justly and sincerely lamented and long And affectionately remembered. She died May 29th, , aged These Sokeus where they existed, so far as we can discover, all belonged to dignitaries of the Church.
Morant mentions a " Soken " in Colchester, where St. Mary's Church and houses stand, belonging to the Bishop of London. But Corpora- tions, looking, as he says, " with a jealous eye upon such exempts, have mostly drawn them under their yoke. They gave the Lords important powei'B, even of hanging culprits who had incautiously strayed into their legal preserves — a right known by the Teutonic terms of "in-fang-theof " and " out-fang-theof.
Mary's, Colchester, was so small that if the unlucky " in-gefangene-theof," or thief, caught within, had been placed in the centre, a hop, skip, and a jump would have carried him beyond the awful boundary.
In " Stubbs' Court History" it is said — " The right of sac and soc was terrible in the days of Stephefl, when there were as many Kings as there were Lords of Castles ; but in ordinary times the Courts of the Lord exercising their juris- diction, according to the custom of the Manor, and not according to the Lord's will, soon became harmless enough.
Paul, before the year , under the name of Eudulphesnesa, or Alduluesnasa. In Domesday Book, the three parishes are treated as one district, with the following particulars : — " Alduluesnasa has always been held by St.
Paul for a Manor and for xxvii. There were then lxxxvi. Then xl. Then among the homagers, lx. Wood for ccc. Pasture for ccc. It was then worth xxvi. This parish is a small peninsula ; and Morant, in his time, wrote how " the raging sea keeps daily undermining and encroaching upon this parish, so that the Hall will soon be an island.
Paul's, were, that they should be exempt from the jurisdiction of the Archdeacon, and also from the Commissary's ; " and had power and liberty to administer justice and execute laws within itself, and likewise the circuit, or territory, wherein such power is exercised. One of the old works still exists, we are informed, at Maldon. Inland salt-works were some- times in demesne and sometimes in hands of villeins. Its modern name, Walltown, may probably have been suggested by the means which had been taken for pro- tecting it as much as possible.
At Walton there is only one Manor — that of the Hall ; and this in the earliest times belonged to St. Paul's, then to the Darcys of Chich St. Osyth, to the Earl of Kochford, and now to Sir J. Johnson, of St. Osyth Priory, one of the county Magis- trates, and in he served the office of Sheriff of London and Middlesex.
It is occupied by Mr. John Eagle, of a family referred to under the head of Bromley. The old Church, which was in ruins when Morant wrote his history of Essex, consisted of " a body and two aisles, and the chancel only of one pace. Another estate, also gone to sea, belonged to one of the Prebends of St. Paul's, London. Upon the Hall Estate some years ago the Trinity House built a tower or lighthouse, of brick, about 80 feet high, for " the direction and safeguard of ships passing that way.
The Vicarages of Walton and of Kirby were united by Bishop Gibson in , and in the years and the Earl of Eochford presented. There were also large Copperas Works at Walton, which is now a fashionable watering place. And as, when some amateur explorer of antiquities wanders along a beach, or potters among the cliffs, in search of some particular shell or fossil which he desires to study and to illus- trate, and in his search comes upon other pebbles and other shells equally interesting, which he puts in his pocket to be examined and particularised hereafter — or, as the botanist, hunting through big woods or tangled morass for a certain plant he has to investi- gate, comes upon other little flowers and scented blossoms which he plucks and sniffs at and delights in their perfume — so we, in our wanderings through many an ancient record, and among the pages of many an old and quaint historian, searching for news of the Tendring Hundred, come upon things that we " put by " in our note-book ; and then at times — like the present — wander away into long and straggling " digressions!
Iu searching very early history, great difficulties occur. Geoffrey of Monmouth, who wrote in the reign of Henry II. Perhaps these kept them warm. Fifty-five years before the birth of Christ the Romans invaded Britain under Julius Caesar, but Claudius has the credit Seneca says of having entirely vanquished our Island when he came over into Essex with his elephants 15 years later.
The first Roman colony made by Claudius, according to Camden, was at Maldon, where he built a temple, whereat the " barbarous nation adoreth. In the time of Charles V. Then between two kinds of death — either our throats are cut or we are drowned. From out that land, " wherein mankind was first created and multiplied, the Saxons made invasions into countrys which laye farre off," and there were English Saxons and German Saxons. The Saxons first came to England, it is supposed, in , when the ancient Britons were solely oppressed by the Picts and Scots.
We were then united with Romans, Saxons, Danes, and Normans, till we became " Englishmen " — or a compound mixture of the lot— when Egbert became King and named our country " England " in It is true that very much of ancient history is hard to believe, and to show how even historians differed and " loved each other," we may add that William of Newborough, a writer of great antiquity and authority, pitched into Geoffrey of Monmouth for the Trojan story of our ancestry, and said — " Moreover in his book, which he entitleth the Britaine's historie, how malapertly and shamelessly hee doth in a manner nothing but lie.
The first Earl of Essex was Geoffrey de Maudeville, whose name frequently occurs in connection with the Manors of the Tendring Hundred. This Geoffrey was rather a turbulent fellow, and being there- fore despoiled of his estate by King Stephen, put an end to his life by the sword.
A sister of the 1st Earl had a son called William de Say, whose daughter married Geoffrey Fitz-Petre, "Justice of England" — a "wise and grand personage, with a great mass of money" — and he claimed the Earldom on his wife's right ; and after a lavish expenditure and "a great piece of money presently paid, King John, at his Coronation, made him Earl of Essex.
Geoffrey, the elder, also by right of his wife Earl of Gloucester, was killed in a tournament as a young man. Bourchier, created by Henry V. Earl of Eu, in Normandy. He was suc- ceeded by his grandson, who was killed by a fall from his horse, leaving an only daughter, Anne, who, according to Camden, " being little respected by Henry VIII.
Osyth, became Earl of Essex — but as Camden also says : " In the fifth moneth after hee was Earle, hee lost his head ;" and then Sir Wm. Parr, who had married Anne, the despised and only daughter hee was deadly wounded in the head, at a little town called Barwell.
When he lay at the point of death ready to give his last gaspe, there came by chance certain Knights Templars, who laid him upon the habit of religious profession, signed with a red cross, and afterwards when hee was full dead, taking him up with them enclosed in a coffin of lead, and hanged him upon a tree in the orchard of Old Temple, London. For in reverent awe of the Church they durst not bury him, because he was excommunicated. Parr dying without issue, Walter Devereaux, Viscount Hereford, a descendant of Henry Bourchier on the female side, got the Earldom from Queen Elizabeth, and his son Bobert, her great favourite, played a con- spicuous part in the history of the times.
He also, like Bayning, accumulated by "merchandise '"enormous wealth. Arthur Capel, M. The oldest and most historical of existing families in Essex is that of Petre. Before this family got Thorndon, it belonged to a family called Fitzlewis, the last of whom, " by occasion that the house was set on fire in the time of his wedding feast, was piteously himself therein burnt to death.
The family afterwards became Catholic. Elizabeth, Countess of Rivers, of whose misfortunes we had a good deal to say under the head of the " Archaeology of St. Osyth," sold the demesne lands of Kirby away from the Manor, to John la Motte, an Alderman of London, and through his daughter they came into the Honywood family. The Honywoods of Kent and Essex are of a very old and historic family. John, his descendant, represented Hythe in Parliament in the reign of Queen Elizabeth ; both his sons also represented Hythe.
Sir John, Sheriff of Kent in In Robert, one of the 16 children of Robert Honywood, of Charing, purchased the Marks Hall Estate in Essex, and made it the seat of the Essex branch of the family. Robert, the son of this gentleman, married a daughter of Sir Martin Barnham, and had 20 children, and most of them distinguished themselves.
Sir Thomas Honywood, born in , and knighted in , married Hester, daughter and heir of John la Motte, a merchant and Alderman of London, and through this marriage, as we said before, the Honywoods got their property in Kirby.
This Sir Thomas Honywood, unlike his cousin of Kent, was a Parliamentarian, and commanded a body of Militia at the Siege of Colchester in , and in led a regiment composed of Essex men at the battle of Worcester. He was M. Hester, his wife, who was described as a model of " wisdom, piety, and charity," died on the 19th October, , aged 75, and was buried by the side of Sir Thomas at Marks Hall Church.
Thomas, the son and heir of the above, died in without issue, and was succeeded by his brother, John Lamotte Hony- wood, M. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Wm. Wiseman, Bart. His widow married Sir Isaac Rebow, of Colchester. This John Lamotte Honywood was the last of the Essex branch of the family at that time, and the estates passed to Robert Honywood, of Charing, who became M.
Richard, the third and surviving son, succeeded, and died in The youngest son, Philip, became a distinguished General, and upon the death of his elder brothers, succeeded to the estates in He married Elizabeth Wastell, "a very agreeable and accomplished person," by whom he had Philip, born in July, The Honywoods, it will be seen, were a prolific as well as an ancient family, and one of them, who was a Mary Waters, was a very remarkable person besides.
At one time she had a sort of religious craze, and consulted all sorts of people — among them, Fox, of the " Book of Martyrs ;" and in the " agony of her soul," having a Venice glass in her hand, she exclaimed — " I am as surely damned as this glass is broken," and she threw it violently on the ground ; but wonderful to relate, it wasn't even cracked by the fall ; it was picked up whole, and is now, we understand, preserved at Marks Hall.
Still the poor old lady took no " comfort thereat," and continued in a very deplorable condition of mind, " till at last, God suddenly shot comfort like lightning into her soul, which once entered, ever remained therein, so that she led the remainder of her life in spiritual gladness.
Thomas Morton, Bishop of Durham. The old lady once went to see Mr. Bradford burnt, in Smith- field, and, " resolving to see the end of his sufferings," her shoes were torn off by the pressure of the crowd, and she had to go barefoot from Smithfield to' St.
Honywood, of Marks Hall. Osyth, as of his Manor of Kirby, by fealty and yearly rent of 28s. Mereland belonged to the Shaw family. He had four sons — John, Samuel, Thomas, and Jeremy — and six daughters. John had three wives, but died without surviving issue. Jeremy, the fourth son, was a Justice of the Peace for the county, and his son Gabriel was also Justice of the Peace, and left an only daughter, who married John King, and had a son, Shaw King, who suc- ceeded to the estates, and resided at Comarques, Thorpe, but was buried at Kirby in Sneddan, or the Manor of Sneating, was au endowment of one of the Prebends of St.
Paul, having the 14th stall on the right side of the Choir, and was rated at one hundred shillings. Many years ago it was purchased by Dr. Foaker, and descended to Mr. Foaker, who for some years resided at Thorpe Hall, and was a much respected Magistrate of the county. It now belongs to Mr. John Salmon, of the Salmons of Beaumont and Oakley before referred to. Paul, London, for i. Manor and for iii. Then ii. Then in the demesne ii. Then among the homagers i.
Wood for x. Pasture for c. Then xiii. It was then worth lx. Paul's, and given to that Norman noble. Some time before the Manor was added to the possessions of St. Thomas, at the Coronation of Charles I. Mary, a daughter of Thomas, Viscount Fanshawe, married Sir Thomas Campbell his first wife was a daughter of Nicholas Corsellis , who was made a Baronet in , and in this way Birch Hall got into the Campbell family, Lady Campbell owning it one hundred years ago.
His son James was also Sheriff in and Lord Mayor in Edwards, who married his daughter Sarah. Edwards died in After this it was purchased by Mr. Leonard Foaker, and it descended to his daughter, the wife of Colonel Williams, R. Blanshard, a county Magistrate, whose father, a wealthy London merchant, purchased it about 50 years ago. Blanshard also owns several other farms in Kirby. The Church, dedicated to St.
Michael, has lately been hand- somely restored at this gentleman's expense. The Lord of the Manorial rights of the Soken is Mr. Chapman, of Harwich ; the present Vicar, the Rev. When we were endeavouring to rind the marriage of Kate Canham in the parish register of Thorpe, we remarked that, "After the date of 6th February, , there was this notice — ' For several years consult Mr.
Gibson's register of Kirby ;' " and the next entry was in , shewing a void of six years. Then the entries continued from till , and ceased again till Stagg now informs us that at Kirby the register appears to have been destroyed between these very years, and , so far as relates to burials and marriages.
The list of baptisms is preserved, and in there are two entries of a family named Bird, of Thorpe — Quakers. This register, it is said, " was kept by John Gibson, Vicar. At the time of the Norman Survey it belonged jointly to Geoffrey de Mandeville and Eustace, Earl of Bologne ; and is thus des- cribed in Domesday Book : " Frietuna " probably from Frie, a Saxon goddess ; and tun, a town " is held of the Earl by Ealph de Marci : it was held by Harold for i.
Always i. Pasture for lx. Sir Ralph Chamberlain next owned it, and his granddaughter, Mary Gray, married a Cockain, who presented to the living in Their daughter married Wm. Pyrton, of Little Bentley, who presented in , and sold the Manor and estate to Edward Grimston, of Bradfield, who held his Court here on the 11th of August, , and at his death, in , held the Manor of Skirmans, — fee, alias Frinton Hall and Kirby.
This Edward Grimston, of Bradfield, who became M. He also represented the county in three Parliaments during the reign of Charles I. His son, Sir Harbottle, an eminent lawyer, was M. He died in , and was succeeded by his only surviving son, Sir Samuel, M. Alban's, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Heneage, Earl of Nottingham, by whom he had an only daughter, married to William, second Marquis of Halifax. Sir Samuel, for his second wife, married the youngest daughter of the second Earl of Thanet, but died in 1 without male issue, when the name and baronetcy became extinct, and the large estates of the family passed to Wm.
Alban's, his grand-nephew, who assumed the name of Grimston, and was made Baron Dun- boyne and Viscount Grimston in His descendant was made Earl of Verulam in Bellamy, in , one of whose daughters brought it to George Lynne, of Southwick. Stone, whose family have resided at Frinton Hall since , and to whom we have been indebted for several memoranda, has been Churchwarden for 42 years, and has favoured us with the names of the Rectors for the last years, commencing with Thomas Godmead in He also tells us that Thomas Warren, the " Wapping Mariner," pre- sented in ; and that on the 26th November, , the chancel of the Church was blown down, and never rebuilt to this day.
Lushington, and held the living 58 years. The present Rector is the Rev. King John did not by any means come up to the standard of royal excellence, as laid down by Camden in describing the state and degree of Kings in general, where he says — a King's " Watchful care defendeth the state of all ; his painful labour maintaineth the rest of all ; his studious industry upholdeth the delight of all ; and his busie employment affordeth ease to all.
And to see this properly carried out, twenty-five Barons — among them Lord Montfichet — were chosen to govern the Eealm. About the year , Richard, the fifth and last Lord Mont- fichet, died, leaving three daughters, heiresses of his large estates at Stansted, Great Holland, and elsewhere. Margery, the eldest daughter, had Stansted Montfichet and part of Holland, and married Hugh de Boleber, of Northumberland.